What Countries have Nuclear Powered Aircraft Carriers

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A contemporary navy’s arsenal of weaponry has always included aircraft carriers, which are regarded as one of the most deadly weapons. They offer the capacity to project power, air support, as well as rapid troop and resource deployment. These capabilities are elevated to a whole new level by nuclear-powered aircraft carriers, which can travel farther, endure more, and move more quickly. The top 10 nations that operate aircraft carriers will be examined in detail in this article, along with a ranking based on the number of aircraft carriers in each nation’s fleet.

Top 10 Countries which have Nuclear Powered Aircraft

United States:

With 11 aircraft carriers currently in service, the United States has the largest fleet overall. The Nimitz and Gerald R. Ford classes of carriers operated by the US Navy rank among the most sophisticated and powerful in the world. Particularly the Nimitz-class carriers have the capacity to transport up to 90 aircraft, including support aircraft, helicopters, and fighter planes. With updated technologies and capabilities, the USS Gerald R. Ford is the newest member of the US Navy’s carrier fleet and the most advanced carrier in the entire world.


The Charles de Gaulle is the only nuclear-powered aircraft carrier in service in France. It is the only non-US ship with fixed-wing aircraft catapults and arresting lines. Fighter jets like the Rafale and Super Etendard can be transported on the Charles de Gaulle in up to 40 fixed-wing aircraft. Additionally, it has anti-ship and anti-aircraft missiles, making it a dangerous opponent.


At the moment, China possesses two conventionally powered aircraft carriers. But speculations claim that China is developing a nuclear-powered carrier that might be deployed in the next years. The Liaoning, China’s first carrier, is a refurbished Soviet-era carrier that was put into service in 2012. The Shandong, its second carrier, was introduced in 2019 and is the first to be wholly Chinese-built. Chinese carriers have been used to assert dominance in the South China Sea and are primarily intended for regional power projection.


The Admiral Kuznetsov, the sole aircraft carrier owned by Russia, is presently undergoing maintenance. It’s unclear if Russia is developing any new nuclear-powered aircraft carriers. Up to 50 aircraft, including fighter jets, helicopters, and support aircraft, can be transported on the Admiral Kuznetsov, a special aircraft carrier. It is mainly employed for fleet defense and power projection and is armed with anti-ship and anti-aircraft missiles.

United Kingdom: The HMS Queen Elizabeth and the HMS Prince of Wales are the two aircraft carriers that the UK currently owns. The largest ships ever constructed for the Royal Navy, both carriers are propelled by conventional engines. The HMS Queen Elizabeth, which was put into service in 2017, has the capacity to transport up to 70 aircraft, including support aircraft, helicopters, and F-35 fighter fighters. The HMS Prince of Wales, which was commissioned in 2019, is comparable to the HMS Queen Elizabeth in terms of its capabilities.


The INS Vikramaditya, a former Soviet Union aircraft carrier, is the only carrier that India currently uses. The INS Vikrant, an Indian-made carrier, is also under construction and is scheduled to start operating in the upcoming years. Up to 30 aircraft, including MiG-29K fighter fighters, helicopters, and support aircraft, can be transported on board the INS Vikramaditya. In the Indian Ocean region, it is largely employed for power projection.


The So Paulo, a nuclear-powered aircraft carrier, is currently under construction and is scheduled to go into service within the next ten years. The So Paulo is being constructed in collaboration with France and will have a displacement of more than 80,000 tons. It will be the first nuclear-powered aircraft carrier in South America and be capable of holding up to 40 aircraft, including helicopters and fighter jets. Additionally, it is anticipated to have anti-ship and anti-aircraft missiles, making it a potent force in the area.


The Cavour, a conventionally powered aircraft carrier, is the only one the country currently operates. Fighter planes, helicopters, and support aircraft can all be transported on the Cavour in up to 30 aircraft. In the Mediterranean region, it is primarily employed for power projection and marine security activities.


Spain only has one conventionally powered aircraft carrier, the Juan Carlos I. The Juan Carlos I is mostly utilized for amphibious operations and force projection. It can accommodate up to 35 aircraft, including support aircraft, helicopters, and Harrier fighter planes.


Thailand only has one conventionally powered aircraft carrier, the HTMS Chakri Naruebet. It serves as the only carrier in Southeast Asia and is mostly employed there for maritime security missions and power projection. It can accommodate ten aircraft, including helicopters and Harrier fighter jets.

The future of nuclear-powered aircraft carriers

Armed forces now have greater range, speed, and endurance than ever before thanks to the development of nuclear-powered aircraft carriers. The introduction of new military technologies and the evolving nature of international conflicts are just two examples of the many elements that make the future of these ships uncertain.

Modernization of Technology

Technology developments could completely alter the capability of nuclear-powered aircraft carriers. For instance, the adoption of cutting-edge materials may result in lighter, more maneuverable, and more durable ships. Additionally, improvements in propulsion technologies may enable these vessels to travel farther and use less fuel, increasing their versatility and speed.

The development of nuclear-powered aircraft carriers may potentially be significantly influenced by automation and robots. The creation of autonomous ships may lessen the number of crew members needed to run them and lessen the risk to human life in hazardous areas. This might also make these boats cheaper and simpler to manage, especially for smaller navies.

Newer Threats

Despite their benefits, nuclear-powered aircraft carriers are vulnerable to a number of dangers. They may become more vulnerable as a result of emerging technology like unmanned aerial vehicles, cruise missiles, and cyberwarfare, thus nations must be aware of these dangers when they formulate their naval strategy.

The Evolution of International Conflicts

Recent changes in the character of international conflicts are expected to have a substantial impact on the future of nuclear-powered aircraft carriers. Non-state actors and cyber warfare are replacing traditional military battles between nations, and these new forms of conflict necessitate a different approach to naval strategy.

Nuclear-Powered Aircraft Carriers in the Future

Nuclear-powered aircraft carriers continue to be a formidable force and will be essential in contemporary naval combat despite the difficulties they face. These vessels are ideal for a range of tasks, such as power projection, crisis management, and humanitarian assistance.

The use of nuclear-powered aircraft carriers will change as nations make investments in new military technology and create fresh defense plans to counter new dangers. These ships will need to be developed further, which will cost a lot of money and take a lot of highly skilled labor, but they are still an essential part of contemporary naval combat.


A number of difficulties confront nuclear-powered aircraft carriers, whose future is questionable. Technology advances, shifting international conflicts, and rising threats offer potential for these ships to continue to be a formidable force in contemporary naval combat. The future of nuclear-powered aircraft carriers will be molded by a variety of factors as nations continue to invest in their naval capabilities. It will be interesting to observe how they develop to meet new challenges.



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